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The Strategic Prevention Framework Partnerships for Success (SPF-PFS) initiative depends on having strong, functional community-based partnerships. To enhance the efforts of coalitions, the Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT) engages members in a study of the underlying model to learn how to enhance existing efforts of the coalitions.


Ohio University and PIRE have created a step-by-step interactive process for local coalitions to apply the CCAT model within their communities.


Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT) By Butterfoss & Kegler, 2002

In 2002, two community-based researchers described the critical elements of effective data-driven, action-oriented, community-based groups (e.g., coalitions, consortium, HUBs). In the chapter, they explain the importance of the elements and offer applied examples of how they work.

Book Chapter

Butterfoss, F. D., & Kegler, M. C. (2002). Toward a comprehensive understanding of community coalitions: Moving from practice to theory. In R. J. DiClemente, R. A. Crosby, & M. C. Kegler (Eds.), Emerging theories in health promotion practice and research: Strategies for improving public health (pp. 157-193). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Constructs, Propositions, And Visual Model

The link below includes a two-page reference sheet from a course taught by the American College Health Association. It includes a table of the constructs and propositions from Butterfoss & Kegler’s book chapter (2002) and a visual depiction of the model.

Note: Butterfoss & Kegler updated their book chapter in 2009. We utilize the earlier version of the chapter (2002) to better align with the collaborative nature of planning and assessment in Ohio communities.

Introduction Video on the CCAT Model

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